Pores are the tiny openings in your skin that release oil and sweat. They are present all over your body, but they are more noticeable on your face, especially on your nose and forehead.
There are two types of pores:
Oil-producing pores: These pores are connected to sebaceous glands, which produce oil (sebum). Sebum helps to keep your skin hydrated and protected.
Sweat-producing pores: These pores are connected to sweat glands, which produce sweat. Sweat helps to regulate your body temperature.
Pores can become enlarged for a number of reasons, including:
Excess oil production: When your sebaceous glands produce too much oil, it can clog your pores and make them look larger.
Genetics: Some people are simply born with larger pores than others.
Age: As you age, your skin loses elasticity, which can make your pores look larger.
Sun damage: Sun exposure can damage your skin and make your pores look larger.
Certain skin care products: Some skin care products, such as oil-based cosmetics, can clog your pores and make them look larger.
Contrary to popular belief, your pores does not have the ability to open and close.
There are a number of things you can do to reduce the appearance of large pores, including:
Use a gentle cleanser: A gentle cleanser will help to remove excess oil and dirt from your pores without stripping them of their natural oils.
Exfoliate regularly: Exfoliating helps to remove dead skin cells that can clog your pores.
Use a toner: A toner can help to shrink your pores and make them less noticeable.
Use a non-comedogenic moisturizer: A non-comedogenic moisturizer will not clog your pores.
Avoid oil-based cosmetics: Oil-based cosmetics can clog your pores, so it is best to avoid them.
Protect your skin from the sun: Sun exposure can damage your skin and make your pores look larger, so it is important to protect your skin with sunscreen.
If you have large pores that are causing you concern, you should see an Esthetician or Dermatologist. They can help you to develop a treatment plan that is right for you.